FAQ

  • CONSUMER ELECTRONICS CERTIFICATION
    WHAT IS THE REFERENCE LEVEL?

    THX Certified Audio products are designed to let you experience movies the way they were meant to be heard. On every THX Certified AV Receiver the “0” on the volume dial represents THX Reference Level, the exact volume level used by the moviemakers and sound artists in the studio.

    For manufacturing receivers and speakers, achieving the THX Reference Level is no simple task. It requires a tremendous amount of power to drive an audio system effortlessly without clipping or distorting. To ensure the audio products reach this peak performance THX developed a set of standards as part of its THX Dominus, THX Ultra, THX Select and Integrated System certifications.

    • Experience Studio Clarity: THX Certified Receivers reproduce studio Reference Level, 85dB SPL with 20dB of headroom.
    • Reference Level for your Room: THX Dominus, THX Ultra, THX Select and THX I/S certification categories deliver Reference Level performance in your specific room size.
    • Distortion-free Playback: THX Certified Receivers and speakers are designed to recreate Reference Level with minimal distortion.

     

    WHAT IS NC-30?

    Noise Criterion – NC – level is a standard describing relative loudness of a space within a range of frequencies. It was established in the U.S. for rating indoor noise such as the noise from air-conditioning equipment or similar. In Europe it is common to use the Noise Rating Curve – NR.

    The method consists of a set of criteria curves ranging 63 to 8000 Hz and a tangency rating procedure. The criteria curves define the limits of octave band spectra that must not be exceeded to meet the occupant’s acceptance in the actual spaces.

    NC-30 represents a specific noise curve that provides a comfortable level of noise of any given environment.

    WHAT HAPPENS WHEN I LISTEN BELOW ZERO?

    There is a downside to watching all of your films at Reference Level—it is often too loud for your neighbors. With lowered volume levels, bass sounds, surround effects and other sound elements can be lost or perceived differently.

    To correct this, THX developed a technology called “THX LOUDNESS PLUS“, which lets you experience the rich details of a movie or game soundtrack without upsetting your neighbors.

  • CINEMA CERTIFICATION
    WHAT ARE ROOM ACOUSTICS?

    Outstanding sound is not just about having great speakers. The integration of acoustic-enhancing elements in a cinema such as absorptive paneling and isolating wall structures provide significant improvement in clear, immersive audio.

    WHAT ARE AUDIBLE REFLECTIONS?

    Having to ask the person next to you “What did they say?” is never fun. Sounds bouncing and echoing off surfaces around the room confuse the ear and can make dialogue difficult to understand. Eliminating these audible reflections helps optimize audio clarity.

     

    WHAT IS THX AUDITORIUM ISOLATION?

    A THX Certified Cinemas is a quiet, pristine audio sanctuary because it features massive wall structures to isolate the cinema from the outside world. With these walls, audiences can focus on the movie experience in front of them, as opposed to distracting sounds from neighboring cinema auditoriums, outside traffic and lobby activity.

    WITH THX SOUND ISOLATION

    The walls in a THX Certified Cinema are constructed to provide sound isolation from other auditoriums.

     

    WITHOUT THX SOUND ISOLATION

    Without the use of the recommended building materials, thin wall construction allows sound to pass through to neighboring auditoriums.

     

    WHAT ARE BACKGROUND NOISE LEVELS?

    THX Certification confirms background noise meets NC-30 at all octave bands. This ensures exterior noise from air conditioning units and projection equipment does not mask the subtle effects in a movie’s soundtrack.

    WHAT IS SOUND DESIGN?

    A well-crafted loudspeaker layout and baffle wall help produce the unique, powerful sound expected in a cinema. This type of speaker configuration is behind the most captivating movie screenings.

    WHAT IS A BAFFLE WALL?

    Unique to every THX Certified Cinema is the THX “baffle wall.” If you were to peel away the screen at any THX Certified Cinema, you will see a large wall of speakers housed in an acoustic baffle. This is called the speaker system enclosure.

    The baffle wall is approximately the same size as the screen, providing a solid, smooth uninterrupted surface to distribute sound throughout the auditorium. It produces a large sound image and accurately tracks sound elements with the onscreen action. This makes panning shots and off-screen sounds more believable and natural, helping to pull audiences into the storyline.

    WHAT IS PICTURE POSITIONING?

    The relative positioning of the screen and projector along with the size of the image are essential components of the best cinema experience. When correctly installed and well-designed, viewers can enjoy a mesmerizing image free from distortion.

    WHAT IS THX CERTIFIED SCREEN PLACEMENT?

    To ensure the best possible viewing and listening experience, THX recommends having a well-designed room with an impressive screen size and a 36 degree viewing angle from the farthest seat in the auditorium. A larger screen allows for a wider placement of left and right audio channels, enhancing room acoustics and creating a more accurate audio experience.

    Prior to construction, THX advises cinema designers and architects to accommodate for the 36 degree horizontal viewing angle, which provides a broad field of view as well as a wide listening space. THX also provides guidance to partners to make sure that every seat has an unobstructed view with clear sight lines.

     

    WHAT IS THE OPTIMUM PROJECTOR LOCATION?

    To achieve THX certification, the cinema projection booth must be accurately placed in relation to the screen for the best viewing experience. If the projection booth is not correctly positioned and installed, the projected image will have a keystone or trapezoid effect.

    CORRECTLY INSTALLED PROJECTOR BOOTH

    WELL-DESIGNED PROJECTION SYSTEM

    In a THX Certified Cinema, the projection booth is accurately placed in relation to the screen – delivering an image with little or no distortion.

     

    INCORRECTLY INSTALLED PROJECTOR BOOTH

    PROJECTION SYSTEM DESIGN RESULTING IN DISTORTED IMAGE

    Improper projection booth and screen placement results in many viewing issues, including a severe keystone or trapezoid effect. THX Certified cinemas must be designed with the most optimal framework possible for the room

     

    WHAT IS THX APPROVED EQUIPMENT TESTING?

    A testing program at the THX Office prequalifies the equipment used in the sound system of a THX certified cinema. Component approval is based on a series of tests that verify the applicability of the product design, performance, and ability to be easily integrated and installed with other components on the THX Approved Equipment List.

    All acoustical or electrical measurements are included to ensure that the equipment provides the features necessary for motion picture playback systems.

    The THX pre-qualification testing is designed to confirm the performance levels of the equipment under actual operating conditions. It is considered necessary due to the special demands the THX system places on equipment.

     

    *[CONTACT US TO REQUEST THE APPROVED EQUIPMENT LIST / EMAIL: cinema@thx.com]

    WHAT IS SOUND SYSTEM INSTALLATION AND CALIBRATION?

    Components for the auditorium sound system are selected from the THX Approved Equipment List and integrated into the auditorium by the THX Design Office. THX inspects the equipment installation for the correct placement and aiming of loudspeakers. A THX Certified auditorium’s sound system is calibrated to THX and industry standards using THX approved audio spectrum analyzers and test equipment.

    WHAT IS PROJECTION SYSTEM CALIBRATION?

    The projected image quality must meet THX specifications. Screen luminance, image contrast, color calibration and accuracy, and focus resolution are evaluated by THX by using standard industry test equipment, test images, and proprietary test patterns. The projected image is measured and evaluated to verify the entire image size is projected on the screen with minimum cropping and distortion.

    WHAT IS ISOLATION TESTING?

    Every auditorium is tested to ensure that noise sources such as adjacent auditoriums, street traffic, and concession equipment do not distract the moviegoer from enjoying the movie.

    HOW IS BACKGROUND NOISE TESTED?

    The background noise level from the auditorium HVAC unit is measured and cannot exceed NC-30  at any octave band. High levels of background noise can mask subtle effects in the film soundtrack, which is not acceptable in a THX Certified auditorium.

    WHAT IS REVERBERATION CONTROL?

    Reverberation is the presence of sound after the source has stopped – similar to an echo. In movie theaters reverberation often builds when sound is reflected off walls, floors and ceiling surfaces.

    For example, with action films there are typically loud action sequences, immediately followed by quieter, more dialogue-driven moments. In a THX Certified Cinema with tightly controlled reverberation, the sound of explosions ends immediately and never bleeds over into the next scene.

    To control reverberation, THX cover the rear wall of the auditorium with thick, absorptive material which prevents the direct sound of the screen speakers from reflecting into the seating area. THX also requires the placement of absorptive materials on the sidewalls, down to the audience’s ear level which reduces sidewall reflections.

    WITH ACOUSTIC PANELING Acoustic paneling controls reverberation, or echo effect, in a THX Certified Cinema.

    WITHOUT ACOUSTIC PANELING Sound bounces off the walls without acoustic paneling, interfering with the movie’s soundtrack.

  • STUDIO CERTIFICATION
    WHAT ARE THX CERTIFIED STUDIOS ?

    The best mixing studios in the world are THX Certified. These include Skywalker Sound at Lucasfilm’s Skywalker Ranch, Peter Jackson’s Park Road Post in New Zealand, and Twentieth Century Fox in Hollywood. By focusing on room design, acoustics and the quality of the studio production equipment itself, THX provides filmmakers and recording artists the best possible environment to mix their motion picture soundtracks

    ON WHAT ASPECTS ARE STUDIOS THX CERTIFIED?

    Precision engineering:

    Studio acoustics, optimized speaker layouts, THX Approved equipment, and calibrated audio/video systems combine to create an ideal environment for sound recording, design, and mixing.

    Creative and quality control:

    Provides filmmakers confidence that what they are hearing during mixing sessions will translate the same to the cinema and home.

    Neutral studio:

    THX ensures a transparent environment where the room has minimal effect on the mix

    WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY ‘FROM THE STUDIO TO THE CINEMA’?

    A THX Certified Cinema is built to replicate the acoustics and ambiance of the THX Certified Studio environment.

    From the surround sound speakers and screen placement to the acoustic baffle wall and sound isolation, THX Certified Cinemas allow moviegoers to be completely immersed in the storyline, exactly as it was produced in the studio.

    WHAT DOES THE STUDIO CERTIFICATION PROCESS FOCUS ON?

    The Studio certification program focuses on the following areas:

    LISTENING AND VIEWING ENVIRONMENT

    • Acoustic performance
    • Structural isolation
    • Reverberation time
    • Preferred dimensions
    • Color scheme and ambient light for optimum video monitoring

    SELECTION OF AUDIO AND VIDEO EQUIPMENT

    • Front and surround speakers
    • Subwoofer
    • Power amplifiers
    • Multi-channel equalizers and digital delays
    • Video monitoring

    LAYOUT OF THE WORKING AREA AND EQUIPMENT

    • Loudspeaker position
    • Video monitor position
    • Optimum listening position
    • Site lines
    • Speaker focus angle

    CALIBRATION PROCEDURES FOR THX CERTIFICATION

    • Audio and video calibration
    • Specific test equipment and signals
    • Performance requirements
    WHAT IS A THX CERTIFIED PM3 STUDIO?

    THX Certified PM3 Studios are ideal for motion picture premixing and producing television programs, music, video games, and other content for non-theatrical release. THX sets very high standards for pm3 studio acoustics, noise levels, and production equipment performance, resulting in the best possible production environment for capturing multichannel soundtracks and high-definition visuals.

    WHAT ARE THE FEATURES OF A THX PM3 STUDIO?

    THX works with architects and designers throughout studio construction to ensure every detail of the room, as well as the equipment, is performing to its potential.

    THX TESTED AND APPROVED:

    All components in a THX pm3 Studio must be selected from a list of “THX Approved products.”

    BASS MANAGEMENT:

    All THX Approved mixing consoles and speakers incorporate parameters for the proper playback of multichannel audio in bass-managed consumer systems.

    CONSISTENT VISUAL QUALITY:

    Colors, black and white levels, and textures are maintained as projects are transferred between disparate THX pm3 Certified Studio locations—providing editors and producers the confidence to make critical editorial decisions.

    WHAT PROJECTS ARE IDEAL FOR THX PM3 STUDIOS?

    A THX Certified pm3 Studio is designed for the creation of optimum sound and picture presentation for many different types of media:

    AUDIO MIXING AND MONITORING
    Authoring and mixing of game soundtracks
    Premixing and sound design for motion pictures
    Authoring and remixing of Blu-ray and DVD soundtracks
    Audio quality control for Blu-ray and DVD
    Broadcast master control rooms
    5.1 and 7.1 music – high resolution playback for DVD-A and SACD

    VIDEO MONITORING
    Calibrated game workstations and presentation rooms
    Movie to video telecine and video editing for Blu-ray and DVD
    Video quality control for Blu-ray and DVD
    Video broadcast production”

    WHAT DOES THE PM3 STUDIO CERTIFICATION PROCESS FOCUS ON?
    • LISTENING AND VIEWING ENVIRONMENT
    • Acoustic performance
    • Structural isolation
    • Reverberation time
    • Preferred dimensions
    • Color scheme and ambient light for optimum video monitoring

     

    SELECTION OF AUDIO AND VIDEO EQUIPMENT

    • Front and surround speakers
    • Subwoofer
    • Power amplifiers
    • Bass management system for 5.1/7.1 monitoring
    • Multi-channel equalizers and digital delays
    • Video monitoring

     

    LAYOUT OF THE WORKING AREA AND EQUIPMENT

    • Loudspeaker position
    • Video monitor position
    • Optimum listening position
    • Site lines
    • Speaker focus angle

     

    CALIBRATION PROCEDURES FOR THX CERTIFICATION

    • Audio and video calibration
    • Specific test equipment and signals
    • Performance requirements
    WHAT IS A THX CERTIFIED SCREENING ROOM?

    THX Certified Screening rooms blend the acoustic performance and aural impact of a THX Certified Cinema in a smaller room—ideal for critical screenings, business presentations, focus groups and editorial reviews. THX defines every aspect of sound and picture quality in its screening room program, from sound isolation and reverberation management to room acoustics and projected image.

    Throughout the screening room construction process, THX provides extensive design consulting services. In addition, THX conducts onsite calibration to ensure the equipment is performing to its full potential.

    WHAT DOES THE THX CERTIFICATION PROCESS FOCUS ON?
    • Picture viewing angle and playback device
    • Speaker performance and placement
    • Ease of user interface
    • Calibration of audio and video product performance

    THX does not specify room size or address the visual appearance of the room unless it adversely affects sound and picture quality.

  • BUYING & SET UP GUIDES
    WHAT SIZE SHOULD MY SYSTEM BE?

    The size of your living room or home theater plays a big part in what kind of system you should consider purchasing. A good surround sound system needs to be powerful enough to fill your room with crisp, clear sound. If you get one that doesn’t have enough horsepower, it can distort when playing at higher volumes.

    THX has created “room size categories” to help you find the right products to accurately reproduce movies, music and video games in your home. THX Select Certified loudspeakers are designed for medium sized rooms 2,000 cubic feet in size, with a 10-12 foot viewing distance from the screen. THX Ultra Certified loudspeakers bring the cinematic experience to large home theaters, 3,000 cubic feet with a 12 foot or greater viewing distance from the screen. THX Certified Dominus products are for expansive home theaters spaces, 6,500 cubic feet in size, with a 20-foot viewing distance from screen.  

    WHAT DO I NEED TO THINK ABOUT BEFORE I BUY?

    When choosing an audio system for your home, first ask yourself what you are going to be listening to. Are you looking for an audio system to connect with your iPod® or digital music library? Is it for multi-channel movies or just improving how your TV sounds? If you want to watch movies, TV or play games in surround sound, then you should consider a 5.1 or 7.1 surround sound system. If you are looking to improve how your iPod sounds in your bedroom or desktop, consider a 2.1 or 5.1 multimedia system.

    WHAT IS 5.1 AND 7.1 SURROUND SOUND?

    The numbers 5 and 7 correlate to the number of audio channels used to mix the film, music or video game. They also refer to the number of speakers in the home theater system. For example, a 5.1 surround sound system typically has 5 speakers and 1 subwoofer, and a 7.1 system has 7 speakers and 1 subwoofer.

    SHOULD I GET HTiB OR SEPARATES?

    If you prefer to buy all of your home theater components in one stop, then you should consider an Integrated System or “Home Theater in a Box” (HTiB). These “all-in-one” packages include speakers, subwoofer and an AV receiver. Some even come equipped with a DVD or Blu-ray player. The benefit is that everything is included in an HTiB, even the cables, and set up is easy.
    The downside is many HTiB systems lack the power and performance to really bring your home theater to life. THX teamed with Onkyo to launch the Onkyo HT-S9100THX, an all-in-one speaker/receiver package that delivers the best of both worlds—great THX performance at an affordable price.

    WHAT IS AN AV RECEIVER AND WHY SHOULD I CARE?

    You will need an AV receiver to experience surround sound. The AV receiver is the hub of your home audio system. Receivers accept all audio and video sources, including satellite and cable TV, DVRs, DVD and Blu-ray players, as well as gaming consoles. It then distributes the sound from these sources to your surround system, accurately powering all of your speakers.

    THX Certified receivers range in price from $500 to $9000. The price difference is often defined by product features and technologies. High-end receivers feature a number of listening modes, calibration technologies and video processing. Higher priced receivers may also be upgradeable via firmware updates in case a new technology appears on the market.

    When deciding on the right AV receiver for your system, start by making sure there is enough amplifier power to drive the speakers for your particular room size. Then, evaluate the various processing modes. If you play video games or enjoy movies in surround sound, THX Listening modes and THX Loudness Plus will greatly improve the experience. In addition, you should try to pick a receiver with enough inputs (HDMI, component, etc.) for your home entertainment system.

     

    WHAT SPEAKERS DO I BUY FOR 5.1 AND 7.1 ?

    Speakers can be purchased as a package (5.1 and 7.1) or separately. There are a lot of brands to choose from, each with its own unique sonic signature. Depending on the aesthetics of your home theater or living room, you can pick between traditional box speakers that are visible to viewers, or choose in-wall and in-ceiling speakers that disappear into the ceiling and walls. If you choose the latter, some drilling, cutting and running speaker cable is required. If this sounds overwhelming, don’t worry. A THX Certified Professional can help with speaker installation.

    Today, there are a number of great THX Certified in-wall and in-ceiling speakers that deliver the same, solid performance as THX Certified box speakers. Companies such as Sonance, Klipsch, Polk Audio and Atlantic Technology, have raised the bar for in-wall/in-ceiling performance.”

    SHOULD I CONSIDER ON-WALL SPEAKERS?

    You need to make sure that the box speakers you purchase are actually designed for wall mounting. A wall creates an acoustic boundary that reflects low frequencies (bass). If you mount traditional box speakers (not designed for wall mounting) the result could be a very bass heavy sound. THX recommends on-wall speakers from Teufel and Jamo.

    DO LARGER SPEAKERS PERFORM BETTER?

    The size of your speakers make a difference in performance. While many well known speaker brands push smaller speaker concepts, THX recommends resisting the temptation to go too small. The smaller the speaker, the more you may compromise in terms of output and low frequency performance. Try to find a balance between the size you desire and the sound quality you expect. THX Certified speaker brands, such as Sonance and Atlantic Technology, are renowned for their design aesthetic, creating high performing speakers that blend with any décor.

     

    DO I NEED A SUBWOOFER?

    Yes. Don’t think about getting a home theater system without a subwoofer. Subwoofers provide the low frequency bass that creates the rumbles of the jet engine in Iron Man or freeway bridges collapsing in Die Hard 4. THX recommends getting the biggest subwoofer that your living space and budget will allow. In the world of THX Certified speaker systems, a 12-inch or 2×10-inch subwoofers is a minimum requirement.

    CAN I MIX AND MATCH SPEAKERS?

    Yes. Mixing and matching speaker brands and styles is fine. In fact, the whole concept of THX certification is based on the idea of being able to mix and match components from different manufacturers. The THX certification process standardizes all electrical and output parameters, so that all THX Certified speakers and receivers work together.
    You can potentially have box speakers for the Front and in-wall or in-ceiling speakers for the Surrounds. However, THX recommends that you keep groups of speakers similar. This means, the Front speakers should be from the same manufacturer and designed to work together. Surround Left and Right speakers should also be identical to each other, as should the Surround Back speakers.

    HOW IMPORTANT IS SOUND TO AN ENTERTAINMENT EXPERIENCE?

    Sound is fifty percent of the entertainment experience. Great sound can bring out the power of high definition video. Speaker placement is essential to experiencing the true impact of movies, music and games. THX offers speaker setup and positioning tips for immersive, 7.1, 5.1 and desktop speaker systems.

    DO I SET UP DOLBY® TRUEHD OR DTS-HD MASTER AUDIO™ ?

    If you use Dolby® TrueHD or DTS-HD Master Audio™, your back surround speakers should be separated to produce a 60° angle from the main listening position.

    HOW DO I SET UP 7.1 SURROUND SOUND SPEAKERS?

    A 7.1 surround system has seven discrete audio channels, Left, Right, Center, Left Surround, Right Surround, Left and Right Back, and of course, the Subwoofer.

    Front Left & Right Speakers (L & R): Place the Front Left and Right speakers at ear height, producing a 45° angle as viewed from the main seat. This delivers a wide soundstage and precise localization of individual sounds.

    Center Channel Speaker (C): Place the Center channel speaker either above or below the display. Then, aim the speaker either up or down to point directly at the listener. If you have a perforated projection screen, center this speaker both horizontally and vertically behind the screen.

    Left Surround and Right Surround Speakers (Ls & Rs): Place the Ls & Rs speakers between 90° to 110° to each side and 2 feet or higher above the listener. The Ls & Rs speakers recreate the enveloping sound and intense special effects that you experience in the cinema.

    Rear Surround Left & Rear Surround Right Speakers (Rrs & Rls):

    Subwoofer (Sub): There are a few variations for subwoofer placement, depending on how many subwoofers you have in your room. If you have four subs, place one in the middle of each wall. If you have two, put them in the middle of opposing walls. If you have one, place it in the middle of the front wall.

    HOW DO I SET UP 5.1 SURROUND SOUND SPEAKERS?

    A 5.1 surround system has five discrete audio channels: Left, Right, Center, Left Surround, Right Surround and the Subwoofer.

    Front Left & Right Speakers (L & R): Place the Front Left and Right speakers at ear height, producing a 45° angle as viewed from the main seating position. This delivers a wide soundstage and precise localization of individual sounds.

    Center Channel Speaker (C): Place the Center channel speaker either above or below the TV. Then, aim the speaker either up or down to point directly at the listener. If you have a perforated projection screen, center this speaker both horizontally and vertically behind the screen.

    Left Surround and Right Surround Speakers (Ls & Rs): Place the Ls & Rs speakers between 90° to 110° to each side and 2 feet or higher above the listener. The Ls & Rs speakers recreate the enveloping sound and intense special effects that you experience in the cinema.

    Subwoofer (Sub): If you have two Subs, put them in the middle of opposing walls. If you have one, place it in the middle of the front wall.

     

    HOW DO I SET UP DESKTOP SYSTEMS?

    Monitor Viewing Distance: There should be a 28-inch viewing distance from your desktop display to your seating position.

    Front Speakers: If you have a 5.1 desktop system, the Front Left and Right speakers should be placed to the side of your display, with the Center Channel Speaker either above or below the display —aimed at the listening position.

    Surround Speaker Set Up: If you have a 5.1 desktop system, the Surround speakers should be positioned 56 inches from your seating position.

  • TECHNOLOGY
    WHAT IS THX AAA?

    THX Achromatic Audio Amplifier (AAA) is an analog amplifier technology that combines the qualities of the finest Class A amplifiers with greatly reduced energy consumption. It has ability to drive heavy and difficult loudspeaker loads to full output while maintaining impeccable performance. THX AAA produces the purest performance of any amplification technology now available, ensuring that the art of musicians and filmmakers can be experienced as close to the original as possible.

    HOW DOES THX AAA WORK?

    PATENTED DISTORTION-REDUCTION TECHNOLOGY.

    As part of THX’s ongoing pursuit of excellence, our engineers focused on ways to minimize distortion in the audio electronics chain. The THX patented technology uses a unique combination of feedback and feedforward error correction to make the distortion vanishingly small.
    Our engineers then used this patented distortion-reduction scheme to reduce some of the common sources of distortion in amplifiers in a variety of ways — the result is an amplifier topology with unparalleled performance and benefits for the audiophile.

    HOW DOES AAA REVEAL EVERY LOW-LEVEL DETAIL?

    Crossover distortion occurs in many amplifiers when the audio signal is “handed off” from an amplifier’s positive-going output device to its negative-going device and vice versa. This transition is never perfect, resulting in crossover distortion that is spiky in nature and rich in high-frequency distortion products.
    Moreover, the problem becomes more audible as the signal level decreases. The more delicate the music, the more it will be masked and obscured by crossover distortion. THX’s patented distortion-reduction circuit reduces distortion to vanishingly low levels (less than 0.0001% @ 1 kHz), resulting in a more accurate reproduction of the original content.

    HOW DOES AAA REDUCE DISTORTION?

    The distortion reduction in the THX AAA technology has an additional benefit: it dramatically reduces power supply-induced distortion and noise — a high PSRR (power supply rejection ratio).

    In any amplifier, when the power supply works hard under heavy load conditions, it can introduce unwanted distortion and noise in the output signal. The THX patented solution is particularly effective in reducing these components to unprecedentedly low levels.

    That means more of what you hear is music, and less of what you hear is the character of the power supply associated with the amplifier.

    Combining this with meticulous layout and design, the THX AAA technology delivers a signal- to – noise ratio (SNR) in excess of 130 dB — this is 30 dB greater than most amplifiers. That’s 30 times less noise than typical amplifiers — the perfect amplifier for a high-resolution audio playback system.

     

    HOW DO I ACHIEVE A COOL-RUNNING, GREEN, COMPACT SYSTEM?

    One way to achieve a “green” solution is to reduce the bias current flowing through the output devices. This has two effects: it reduces the idle dissipation (good) but increases the crossover distortion (bad). By applying the THX patented circuit, it is possible to virtually eliminate the crossover distortion while retaining the benefits of lower power consumption.

    To reduce the power wasted as heat while playing music, THX engineers used the well-known technique of using a tracking power supply to deliver only as much power as the music demands at any moment.

    Tracking power supplies significantly reduce signal-related dissipation, but introduce distortion when the tracking power supply operates. Thanks to the THX AAA technology, this well-known distortion problem has been effectively eliminated.

    This reduction in power consumption gives the cool-running AHB2 amplifier a compact footprint, while delivering stereo power of 100 watts per channel and 380 watts bridged into 8 ohms.

    The green design requires no fans, and the cool operation increases the reliability of components.

     

    HOW DOES THX LOUDNESS PLUS WORK?

    THX Loudness Plus incorporates two THX Technologies. As the user changes the volume, THX Multi-channel Spectral Balancing™ and THX Dynamic Ambience Preservation™ automatically and seamlessly apply the appropriate compensation. This delivers a more accurate listening experience at any volume level.

    THX Multi-channel Spectral Balancing™

    Adjusts frequency response to counter the perceptual loss of low and high frequency sound in all channels. Begins with a flat response at Reference Level, and continually adjusts the response as the user selects lower listening levels. The equalization is applied to all channels in a multi-channel listening environment.

    THX Dynamic Ambience Preservation™

    Surround channel processing preserves the spatial detail that is lost when listening below Reference Level. It automatically shapes the output on surround channels to maintain the perceived balance in the original mix.

    WHAT IS THX LOUDNESS PLUS?

    THX Loudness Plus™ is a volume control technology featured in THX Certified Dominus, THX Certified Ultra and THX Certified Select Certified AV Receivers, preamps and amplifiers that automatically adjusts the front-to-back speaker level relationship as you turn the volume down.

    With THX Loudness Plus, home theater audiences can now experience the rich details of surround sound at any volume level.

    All movies, music and games are mixed at Reference Level in the studio, to be played back at the same Reference Level in the cinema or home theater (0 db on the volume dial for THX Certified Receivers is equal to the studio Reference Level). However, many of us find Reference Level is too loud for our homes. But, turning the volume down often means that elements of movie, music and other soundtracks are lost or perceived differently from the original sound mix.

    THX Loudness Plus maintains the integrity of soundtracks when listening below Reference Level. The technology compensates for the tonal and spatial shifts that occur when the volume level is reduced. By automatically raising the levels of the ambient sound, you experience the true impact of movies, music and games regardless of the volume setting.

     

  • CONTENT CERTIFICATION
    WHAT IS CONTENT CERTIFICATION?

    Compliance with the TASA standard is required by the MPAA Advertising Administration through its advertising regulation.

    WHAT IS THE TRAILER SUBMISSION PROCESS?

    Before we can measure and certify a D-Cinema trailer for TASA, your organization must supply the following:

    The THX TASA form: A link is here:  THX_TASAForm_20154

    Audio files: For the trailer of the final mix as it will be in theaters (for a 5.1 mix: 6 channel Broadcast Wave Files; for a 2.0 mix: Lt, Rt. wav files). Files can be delivered via any digital transfer service such as Aspera, WeTransfer, etc.

    Payment: The current fee for certification is $550.  Indicate payment method on the Dub Stage Report/TASA Request Form under Billing Information. You can pay by Visa, MasterCard, check, or ACH wire transfer (Note: we cannot accept Amex or Discover at this time). If you wish to pay by check, please allow time for delivery.

    Send the above elements to: tasa@thx.com

    NOTE: Please, contact us for submission requirements for Film and Immersive Audio formats (viz. Atmos and Auro-3D). Once we have the form and files, we complete certification within 24 hours, excluding weekends and holidays. If the trailer passes, the certification notice will be promptly e-mailed to you and the MPAA. Trailer is certified upon receipt of that e-mail. Should the trailer exceed the TASA upper limit, the mix will have to be adjusted and resubmitted for certification. The retest fee is $280.

    WHAT IS TRAILER MEASUREMENT?

    When measuring the trailer before submission, begin the measurement at the first audible sound of the trailer (excluding sync-pop), and end measurement on the last sound.  For accuracy, please, be sure to take the measurement as close to the first and last sound as possible.

    To receive TASA compliance certification, the final measurement must not exceed the TASA upper volume limit of 85 Leq(m). Leq(m) measures decibels over time, creating an average, whole number.

    If you have any questions regarding the THX form, measurement, or process in general, please, contact us at: tasa@thx.com

    To learn more about the TASA Standard, including the technical document, visit www.tasatrailers.org